A fragment of a Gallic calendar discovered in 1802 at “Lake d’Antre”, similar to the calendar discovered at Coligny (Ain) presented at the archaeological museum of Lyon.
“- The first discovery dates back to 1802 with a small fragment of bronze from the waters of Lake Antre near Villards d’Héria in the Jura … Its surface was very modest and we lost track of it in a Parisian antiquarian in 1888. It remains a good facsimile realized by Héron DE VILLEFOSSE (1898). In 1967, Lucien LERAT found at least 5 bronze fragments [of a] calendar in the Brook of Heria
– The most significant discovery was in November 1897 when many fragments of a large bronze plate mixed with pieces of a Gallo-Roman statue of Mars were discovered by a farmer in Coligny (Ain), in the territory Ambarri. The whole was buried 30 cm deep in a field near the Roman road Lyon-Besançon (Lugdunum-Vesontio). One can think by the shape of the excavation that the fragments were gathered in a basket in the shape of a hood. The engraved language, the form and the content leave no doubt about the nature of a Gallic calendar (a priori a technically Gallo-Roman plate engraved in bronze, written in Latin letters but in Gaulish words). These fragments (about 150) represent about 50% of the area of the calendar plate of 1.48 mx 0.9 m. It is missing 30 months out of 62. The “puzzle” of this plate once reconstituted, is in the form of a table of 16 columns and 4 lines / month (except 2 columns where appear 3 months). »(Romeuf 2012)
La vidéo du " Rendez vous aux Musées ! " du mois d'octobre sur le calendrier de Villards d'Héria est en ligne.Pour en savoir plus : – « Recueil des inscriptions gauloises » sous la direction de P.-M. Duval, Volume IIILes Calendriers (Coligny, Villards d'Héria) par P.-M. Duval et G. Pinault, XLVe supplément à "Gallia", Éd. CNRS, 1986. (consultable au Centre de Conservation René Rémond)- « Un calendrier celtique : le calendrier gaulois de Coligny » Jean-Michel Le Contel et Paul Verdier, Éd. Errance, 1997. (consultable au Centre de Conservation René Rémond)- le calendrier de Coligny http://patrimoines.ain.fr/n/calendrier-et-dieu-gaulois-de-coligny/n:321#p1358
Posted by Musée de Lons-le-Saunier on Mittwoch, 23. November 2016